Monday, February 13, 2006

Bobby Bland - I've Just Got To Forget About You (DUKE 464)

I've Just Got To Forget About You

This past January 22nd would have been Sam Cooke's 75th birthday. January 27th was Bobby Bland's 76th.

Bobby was born in the small town of Rosemark, Tennessee, where he grew up surrounded by the sounds of spiritual music as well as The Grand Ol' Opry broadcasts on WLAC. He actually picked cotton in the fields, and didn't bother going to school much.

When the family moved to Memphis in 1947, he joined a local Gospel group called The Miniatures that sang in area churches. It wasn't long, however, before the young Bland was drawn in by the whole blues scene that was happening down on Beale Street. In addition to working in a local garage, he began parking cars down behind the Palace Theatre, and soon became a regular fixture. He would compete in the amateur shows staged by Rufus Thomas most every Wednesday, and came to be known as one of the Beale Streeters, a loose collection of local guys that would include B.B. King, Johnny Ace, Junior Parker, Roscoe Gordon, and Earl Forest at one time or another.

They took work where they could get it, often performing at local brothels or upstairs at Sunbeam Mitchell's legendary Club Handy for little more than a bowl of chili. It was Mitchell that got Bobby a spot on Rufus Thomas' radio show on WDIA. This got him noticed by Sam Phillips, who had just started recording local acts at his Memphis Recording Service. He did a session on Bobby for Chess Records in 1951, and early the next year, Ike Turner produced four sides for Modern Records at the studio, none of which made much of a splash.

Later in 1952, Bobby signed with Duke Records, a new label that had been started up by WDIA DJ Dave Mattis. They would release one single, Lovin' Blues, before Bobby was drafted into the Army. The record became somewhat of a regional hit while he was away, and Duke recorded his Army Blues in 1953 while he was home on leave.

Don Robey, meanwhile, was busy building his own little empire. He had opened a club called The Bronze Peacock in Houston, Texas in 1945 that became the premier showcase for Jazz and R&B in the region. He began managing local artists like Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, and would open a record store in 1947. It wasn't long before he realized there was real money to be made in the record business, and in 1949 he formed Peacock Records, building his own recording studio and record pressing plant adjacent to the club. He began building an impressive roster of Gospel and Blues talent, and his records became huge sellers in the Southern market. Robey had the reputation of running his business "like a plantation", often making his point with a pistol he kept strapped to his leg. In addition to recording and pressing his own records, he would pay writers a few dollars up front, then claim songwriting credit and publishing rights for himself. He also made sure his artists were represented by his own Buffalo Booking Agency, run by partner Evelyn Johnson (pictured here with Robey). He had all the angles covered. Ever on the lookout for a new source of income, Don had his eye on Memphis.

He made a deal with Dave Mattis, giving Duke a much needed infusion of cash, and by late 1953 Robey had forced him out, becoming sole proprietor of Duke-Peacock Records. When Bobby was discharged from the service in 1955, the Memphis he knew was no more. Sam Phillip's own Sun Records had found its fair haired boy, and his contract with Duke was now owned by someone he'd never met somewhere in Texas.

He and Robey actually got along well together (he often said it was better than pushing a plow...), and he rejoined old friend Junior Parker as part of a package called Blues Consolidated that Buffalo Booking had put together. Playing more than 300 gigs a year, they criss-crossed the country, just smokin' it up! Duke would record them whenever they came through Houston, and so kept a steady stream of "product" out there for sale. Most of these early sides featured the great Clarence Hollimon on guitar, but it was his old Memphis homeboy Pat Hare (who would later go on to become a member of Muddy Waters' band before being sentenced to 99 years in prison for killing his girlfriend and the cop she called on him...!) that drove his first national hit Farther Up The Road all the way to number one on the R&B charts in 1957.

The success of this record (as well as his subsequent top ten hit, Little Boy Blue) enabled Bobby to set out on his own, forming the incredible band that would stay with him for the next ten years. It would include Wayne Bennett on the guitar, Teddy Reynolds on the piano, Hamp Simmons on bass, Jabo Starks (future funky drummer for The JBs) on the drums, along with a fat horn section led by trumpeter Joe Scott. It was Scott's arrangements that brought Bobby's music to the next level, essentially creating his unique sound.

He continued to top the R&B charts, while staying out on the road 50 weeks of every year. The band was playing all the popular package shows of the day alongside people like Sam Cooke and Jackie Wilson. Bobby understood, as they did, the power of the female audience, and each night was like a contest to just "take 'em out"!

The release of the absolutely amazing Two Steps From The Blues in 1961 collected much of his work from this period into a cohesive whole that still stands as one of the greatest albums ever. Songs like I Pity The Fool and I'll Take Care Of You reveal the two sides of Bland's genius... rough and gravelly Gospel shouting (reportedly inspired by C.L. Franklin, Aretha's dad), coupled with a smooth and intimate vulnerability that just drove the ladies wild. Today's B side, a track from this album, was actually released as the flip of the Don Davis produced Keep On Loving Me (You'll See The Change) in 1970, nine years later! The mood it creates, that late night lonesome highway feeling... wow. (You might notice that one D. Malone is listed as the songwriter... a pseudonym Robey had created for himself when his scam became too obvious... )

Bobby continued to top the R&B charts with records like Turn On Your Lovelight and Yield Not To Temptation, and in 1962 would score his only top 40 pop hit (#28) with T-Bone Walker's Stormy Monday Blues, powered by Wayne Bennett's phenomenal guitar work.

1964's Ain't Nothing You Can Do was an absolute monster hit that literally defined the southern "soul-blues" style of which he was the king. It is this very designation (thought up by us genre-driven white people) that, in my opinion, has tended to marginalize people like Bobby, Little Milton, and Z.Z. Hill. I mean, he's like "too soul" to be taken seriously by the blues "purists", while being often overlooked by the soul crowd as having too much "blues"... or something. Whatever. His own people know the deal. He has entered the R&B charts an incredible 63 times, placing no less than 25 records in the top ten!

By the end of the 1960s, Bobby's drinking (over two quarts a day) caught up with him, and his band split up. The loss of Joe Scott as his arranger took its toll, and his early seventies output was inconsistent. In 1973, Robey sold Duke to ABC Records, which was later taken over by MCA. He would re-unite with former Beale Streeter B.B. King for a few mid-70s outings but, for the most part, a combination of record company indifference and changing times led to some truly middle-of-the-road material.

Bobby signed with good ol' Malaco Records in 1984 and got back to his southern soul roots. The release of Members Only the following year put him right back in the R&B top 20 where he belonged. He would go on to release over 15 albums for them over the next twenty years, highlighted by great songs like Take Off Your Shoes and I Just Tripped On A Piece Of Your Broken Heart.

Throughout all of this, Bobby continued to tour constantly, playing the same "chittlin' circuit" clubs he always had. I was lucky enough to experience this first hand during Carnival in New Orleans in 1989. My brother and I, two dumb white guys festooned in Mardi-Gras beads, stumbled into the Benz Lounge on Louisiana Avenue and were just blown away! Bobby and his band (with Wayne Bennett back on the guitar), just brought the house down around us... The sheer energy of this performance, with Bobby working the crowd in a small club setting, was an experience I'll never forget...

I saw him again about two weeks ago, opening for Dr. John at a theatre in New Jersey. About half the crowd was made up of well-dressed African-Americans in their sixties and seventies... Bobby's audience that has grown old along with him. People that remember Sam Cooke... that were a part of the struggle for civil rights. A generation that is passing before our very eyes.

Bobby's amazing voice, still a powerful instrument, spoke to the soul of everyone in the room. He had us in the palm of his hand.

Talk about a living legend, man.


Anonymous Anonymous said...

Very nice tribute once again.

"The loss of Joe Scott as his arranger took its toll, and his early seventies output was inconsistent."

Could very well be, yes.
But do you know the Duke 45 "I'm so tired" from 1972?
If not, you need it. Killer!


11:50 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Great post and introduction to Bobby Bland. All his recordings are worthwhile. A good starting place is The Best of Bobby Bland
(1990, but a reissue of one from the late 1960s), still great and incredibly cheap. All his Duke recordings were issued in about three multiple-CD sets a few years back.
I am envious you were able to see him. All I could find on the web for future tour dates was on Ticketmaster:
Wed, 05/10/06
08:00 PM Bobby "Blue" Bland
Kimo Theatre
Albuquerque, NM
Thu, 05/11/06
07:30 PM Bobby "Blue" Bland
Rhythm Room
Phoenix, AZ
Fri, 05/12/06
09:00 PM Bobby "Blue" Bland
Belly Up Tavern
Solana Beach, CA

11:54 PM  
Blogger Red Kelly said...

Folks -

A reader just e-mailed us with this:

"There was a comment (I am not signed on that blogsite) from anonymous about how few dates there were for Bland's tour. He is touring with BB King on BB's 80th birthday tour."

I know they've done a few dates together recently. but I can't find any confirmation of this on the B.B. King Tour Itinerary on his site... B.B. does say that
"he’s preparing to headline an international tour, starting on March 29 with a swing through the UK, concluding with a concert at the famed Wembley Arena."

SO, it's certainly worth looking into... I mean the last two Beale Streeters together again... sounds like a must see!

2:05 PM  
Blogger The Stepfather of Soul said...

Great post on Bobby Bland, one of my favorite R&B vocalists (how do you like the way I sidestepped the "soul-blues" thing!) ... I saw Bland in 2000 or 2001 at the Chicago Blues Festival ... he gave a good show. Thanks for the great write-up on him.

6:27 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Thanks for the great post about Don Robey and Evelyn Johnson (“Aunt Evelyn” as my sister and I called her. Aunt Evelyn was the best friend of our mother and lived across the street from us. We have fond memories of peering out of our living room window at Christmas as Bobby “Blue” Bland and countless other musicians from the Duke/Peacock label came to drop off their Christmas gifts for Aunt Evelyn. After a few hours we would run across the street and see what gifts her clients had given her. Sadly, Aunt Evelyn passed away, November 2006. She had been ill a long time. Thanks for the ride down memory lane. Jessica, in New York City.

6:03 PM  
Blogger Red Kelly said...

I had heard just recently that Ms. Johnson had passed. My condolences to you and your family.

Her name came up in a recent conversation with Sax Kari, who worked closely with her 'back in the day'. He said she was a wonderful person. I'm sure she was!

Thank you, Jessica, for sharing your memories with us.

6:22 PM  
Anonymous LaVeda M. Bennett said...

You guys forget, much of Bobby's success came while he had Wayne Bennett at guitar: Saint James Infirmary, Member's Only and the original Stormy Monday. NO ONE and I do mean NO ONE has come close to his style of playing since his last departure from the band. It was their chemistry that made the music second to none.

2:09 PM  
Blogger Red Kelly said...

Dear Ms. Bennett:

I am truly sorry if you got the impression that we forgot Wayne. As I said in the post, I was lucky enough to see him perform with Bobby in the late eighties, and I have nothing but respect for the man. I consider him to be an absolute genius, and his work on songs like 'I Pity The Fool' and 'Stormy Monday' bear witness to that fact.

If I failed to emphasize that, it was because I have been planning a post that will focus on Mr. Bennet himself for some time. I have the 45 I want to use all ready, but have been having a difficult time locating any information and/or pictures on him for the post (which is an absolute crime).

I notice that you share the same last name, if indeed you are a relative, and would like to share some details about Wayne, please contact me at;

I actually met Wayne in New Orleans in 1991. My conversation with him that afternoon remains a treasured memory.

Thank you, and please believe me when I say that I consider Wayne Bennett to be a true guitar hero.

5:23 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi there from London UK.
I bought my first Bobby Blue Bland LP in 1962.The groundbreaking ''Two Steps....''
It was on a label called Vogue here in the UK who had the distribution rights for Duke/ Peacock.
It was so rare as most blues so called purists here at that time wouldn't touch anything that wasn't Delta or Chicago.I remember buying it from a West Indian record store in Brixton South London.Can you imagine the looks I got-a skinny 17 yr old white guy asking for Bobby Bland.I recall being amazed at the LP cover.Bobby in wraparound shades and brown mohair slacks outside a cream and blue house.Wow.It was like another planet.
I saw him in concert in the UK a few times.One with B B King,also as part of a Malaco Blues Package.The best one was in a small London venue where he headlined with..
Irma Thomas- OOOweee.
Nuff said.Never to be forgotten.

12:19 PM  
Anonymous rock said...


11:15 AM  
Blogger Denton said...

I first saw Bobby Bland at a nice club in Houston, Texas. It was June of 1962 and he put on quite a show!
I wonder what the name of that club was? I remember it had pictures of Hollywood legends like James Dean. If anyone knows, please drop me an email (


4:28 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Found it!
The Jimmy Menutis Club
The Jimmy Menutis Club was as close to a 'nightclub' as anything in Houston at the time in the early sixties. Seemed to me it was owned by gangsters, but maybe that was just implied somehow by the name. I do remember dark short white guys walking around. The place must not have really cared about who they served because I probably looked about 11 when I went there even though I was in high school. It was small, with a stage at one end and red table cloths on the tables; kinda classy. I saw Bo Didley and I think, King Curtis. My favorite memory was of Jimmy Reed of whom I was a giant fan.

Jimmy was to have played one night (I used to have the picture I swiped from the club), but as the night wore on, he continued not to show. Rumors circulated through the club that he was 'sick', then that he'd been to the hospital to have his stomach pumped having been drinking 'wine, screwdrivers, and beer'. He finally came on hours late and it was still great.

The highlight for me, however, and a scene that is branded into my memory, is of him playing along when suddenly his guitar separated from it's strap and plummeted to the floor. The guy next to him, who played the classic 'da Da, da Da, da Da, da Da' rhythm, reached over and grabbed it without missing a beat LIKE IT HAPPENED EVERY NIGHT. It was most interesting!"
(thanks to Ernie Gammage)

3:53 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I wanted to thank you for this great write-up. I'm 50+, and pay a lot of attention to music, yet never heard of Bobby until recently. Forgot how I was linked to Bobby, but I ended up with his Anthology album. He's literally the greatest blues singer I've ever heard. The Wikipedia write-up is bland. Yours has so much heart. Thanks - and I'm listening to Bobby as I type.

5:27 PM  
Blogger TheCzarsOf45 said...

Bobby Bland is the essential Memphis real deal. Essential Blues and Soul. My rule is, if he recorded it for Duke Records, it is essential. I liked these records as a little boy, I love them more today. And I love his modern output for Malaco today.

10:33 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I enjoyed this article very much. I played with Blue from 1981-1991 after leaving Johnnie Taylor and Z.Z. Hill's bands. I was in fact Wayne Bennet's roomie on the road during hotel stays. Just as equally talented was Mel Brown who recently passed in Canada also on guitar. Too many stories to tell as the only anglo :) If you saw us during this period I was playing trumpet.

2:55 PM  

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