Monday, May 01, 2006

Solomon Burke - What Am I Living For (Bell 783)

What Am I Living For

Today is my 13th wedding anniversary (well, it's my wife's too), and I figured it was a good day to post this one...

In the mid 1920s in the Black Bottom section of Philadelphia, a woman named Eleanora Moore had a vision. 'A child is coming to lead the people', she was told, 'prepare his Church'. For the next 12 years, she and her husband worked tirelessly to create 'The House Of God For All People', and when her grandchild was born unto them, they named him Solomon, as he was to become a wise and just King of the Congregation...

Whether that was in 1936 or 1940 is still a matter of speculation. By age seven, the child was preaching from the pulpit. By the time he was twelve years old, he was the host of his own radio show from 'Solomon's Temple' in Philadelphia. Known as the 'wonder boy preacher', he built up quite a following.

Bess Berman heard him and signed him to her Apollo Records label in 1954. Roy Hamilton had just broken the sound barrier, so to speak, when his gospel tinged You'll Never Walk Alone hit number one on the R&B charts and stayed there for two months. Apollo envisioned Solomon in the same vein, releasing answer songs like "I'm All Alone" and "No Man Walks Alone" that didn't make much noise in the charts. He continued to record both Gospel and R&B for the Bermans, while going to school to become a Doctor of Mortuary Science. After a couple of singles on the local Singular label, Solomon found himself in a 'handshake' deal with Jerry Wexler to record for Atlantic Records.

After Ray Charles left Atlantic for his mega-deal with ABC, the company was kind of floundering around, looking for the next big thing. As the story goes, they recorded Just Out Of Reach (of My Two Open Arms) (which was a minor country hit for Faron Young in 1952), in New York while a blizzard raged outside. Wexler wasn't happy with the way Solomon "preached" the last verse of the song, telling him "This is R&B, son, not Gospel!" When it came time to listen to the take they had recorded, Burke was already leaving... he had a gig driving a snow removal truck back in Philly! This episode would set the tone for his relationship with Atlantic throughout his tenure with them, one they were never too happy about; they needed him more than he needed them.

The record hit big in 1961, spending 19 weeks on the R&B charts while climbing to #7, as well as crossing over into the pop top 40. Ironically, it was to set the stage for Ray Charles' smash hit the following year with a similarly schmaltzy production of Don Gibson's I Can't Stop Loving You. (This must have driven Wexler crazy!) Anyway, when Burke's follow-up record, Cry To Me, went to #5, Atlantic knew they had a star on their hands.

Solomon hit the road, traveling with the legendary 'package shows' of the day. He didn't drink or gamble, and came to be known as "The Doctor", or simply "Bishop" to the gang on the bus. The stories from this period (and there are indeed stories!) are simply fantastic. Ever the entrepeneur, Solomon sold everything from bologna sandwiches (that increased in price as the miles wore on), to chicken and 'magic popcorn'. While he developed some deep and lasting friendships among his fellow performers on these tours, he grew to simply idolize Sam Cooke, the only one who could beat him at his own game.

The hits kept on coming for Solomon, and his cover of Wilson Pickett's If You Need Me would spend 5 weeks at #2 in the summer of 1963 (only kept from the number one position by Jackie Wilson's Baby Workout and Sam Cooke's Another Saturday Night!). According to Burke, Wilson gave the song to him on a tour bus, but that's not the way Pickett remembers it at all... he claims Wexler lifted it from demo tapes he had sent Atlantic, which is a much more likely scenario.

After charting consistently for over three years, Solomon was crowned the "King Of Rock And Soul" by Baltimore DJ Rockin' Robin. He would take this title to heart, and appear complete with crown, scepter and cape from that day forward. This, of course, drove self-proclaimed 'hardest working man in show business' James Brown up the wall, and the stories of his attempts to 'de-crown' him are hilarious.

Solomon Burke was with his hero Sam Cooke on the night he was shot. He couldn't believe it. In his own words, it really "messed him up", for quite a while. His wife served him with divorce papers the following day, and on the train back to Chicago for Sam's funeral he would write his biggest hit (#1 R&B, #22 pop), Got To Get You Off My Mind, about the whole situation. He would collaborate with his friend Don Covay to write the follow-up, Tonight's The Night, which was just about as big a hit in the summer of 1965.

Atlantic, by this time, was cranking out hit records by Wilson Pickett and Aretha, and reaping the rewards of their distribution deal with Stax on people like Otis Redding and Eddie Floyd. King Solomon, with his string of funeral homes, churches spread nationwide, a limousine service, and several drug stores to his credit, was not high on their list. The feeling was mutual. After failing to crack the top ten for a couple of years, Atlantic sent him down to Memphis in early 1968 to record at Chips Moman's American Studio. Although these records didn't chart, I think they're among his best.

An idea that Solomon and Don Covay had been working on for some time, The Soul Clan, had finally begun to take shape in 1967. The idea was for all of these great performers to pool their talents and resources, and become a positive force within the black community. They envisioned things like buying ghetto real estate and refurbishing it, providing jobs, building schools, and creating black-owned restaurant franchises that would knock the McDonald's and KFCs out of the box... the possibillities were endless.

Originally, it was to include Otis Redding, Wilson Pickett, Joe Tex, Solomon, and Don Covay. When Otis died in late 1967, Pickett backed out as well saying, "I got my own hit records, I don't need that shit!". They were replaced with Redding's sidekick, Arthur Conley, and former Drifter Ben E. King. Covay put together the backing tracks out in L.A., and each of the artists overdubbed their vocals in turn. The resulting single hit the charts in July of 1968, and climbed to #34. At this point, Solomon Burke claims, "The record was stopped and banned...we were going against the grain of what black entertainers are supposed to do. We were all just supposed to go out and buy red Cadillacs. We weren't supposed to go out and start talking about spending millions of dollars on building and developing... We were supposed to talk about having parties and good times and eatin' barbecue ribs. You know, pork chops."

In any event, he was done with Atlantic after that.

In 1969, Solomon signed with Bell Records and showed up in Muscle Shoals with his 'partner' Tamiko Jones. Together they would produce some of the greatest records he'd ever recorded. Today's B side is one of those. Released as the flip of Proud Mary (#15 R&B, #45 pop), it was his second single for the label. A cover of Chuck Willis' huge posthumous 1958 hit, it's like the pure distillation of southern soul. The interplay between the acoustic and electric guitars, the understated organ, everything just building to that big emotional finish... great stuff! Sundazed Records has put together a package of Burke's Bell sessions at Muscle Shoals (which had been out of print for 30 years!), and it's just incredible, eye-opening music.

Bell apparently didn't appreciate what they had, and Solomon moved on, signing with Mike Curb's MGM label out in Hollywood in 1971. He jumped in with both feet, becoming involved with television (a failed sitcom about a black family living next door to an Archie Bunker type...), promoting a band called "Solomon's Children" (made up of the most musically inclined of his 21 children, ala the Jackson 5), and even writing the soundtrack to the cult "blaxploitation" film Cool Breeze in 1972.

Short stints at ABC/Dunhill and Chess in the mid-seventies were followed by an album he did with Jerry "Swamp Dogg" Williams called Please Don't Say Goodbye To Me for the small Amherst label in 1978, followed by Let Your Love Flow on Infinity the following year.

The eighties saw Solomon concentrating on his ever-increasing ministry, releasing several superb gospel albums on the Savoy label. He also toured Europe regularly where he remains immensely popular to this day. When Peter Guralnick's Sweet Soul Music came out in 1986, it introduced him and his world to a whole new group of fans... people like me.

The very first 45 I ever bought by him was the incredible Meet Me In Church, one of those Memphis records from 1968. I put it in my jukebox (which had been a recent, cheap pick-up as all the bars and pizza places and everything were making the switch to CD ones at the time), and it has been there ever since (it's now up on the A side as well). When I first started dating my wife, she played that song over and over again... I should have known something was up!

In the 80s and early 90s, there was a bar on 21st St. in New York named Tramps. It was an absolutely wonderful place, an island of real music in a sea of new wave junk. Solomon, buoyed by the Rounder release of Soul Alive!, started playing there a couple of times a year. We never missed him. (I remember one particular extravaganza boasted Solomon, Charles Brown, and Ruth Brown... when he spotted Maxine Brown in the audience, Solomon couldn't resist bringing her up to sing, roaring about how "We got THREE Browns here tonight, folks... where's the other one? Where's James? I'll tell you, he's afraid to show his face, 'cause the REAL KING is in the house!" ...what a great bar this was!)

Anyway, I proposed to my girlfriend on Valentine's Day in 1993. No date was set as yet. On May 1st of that year, the King Of Rock And Soul was coming back to Tramps. We, of course, were going. My fiance, as she was now known , came up with this crazy idea. She was going to get herself backstage, and ask The Bishop if we could hire him and his band to play at our wedding, at which he would, of course, perform the ceremony as well. I told her she was nuts! There was no way I was going back there with her and making a fool of myself, blah, blah, blah.

Solomon surveyed the situation, and, ever the showman, told her "I'm going to marry you, but I'm going to do it tonight!" He cautioned her not to mention a word of it to me when she got back to our table, and the two of them hatched their diabolical plan... Anyway, before I knew it, I was somehow getting married in the middle of his show, our vows being his usual promise to give each other "what we want, when we want it, how we want it, where we want it and every time we think we want it!". It was a total trip. Our first dance as husband and wife? Why Proud Mary, of course!

Here's our only wedding picture... (yes, that is Guralnick). It was taken by photographer Sharon Felder, Doc Pomus' daughter. What a night.

We, of course, wondered if all of this was legal and everything, but Solomon called us the next time he was in town and invited us back to Tramps, where he delivered our Marriage Certificate from the House Of God For All People...

(My wife and I have gone on to have two great kids, and feel we have been truly blessed by the presence of The Reverend Bishop Solomon Burke in our lives...)

In addition to making great records (like Soul Of The Blues) right through the nineties, Solomon, of course, has gone on to gain the recognition he so richly deserves. He was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame in 2001, and received a long overdue Grammy for the phenomenal Don't Give Up On Me in 2002.

He just recorded an album of country music in Nashville with people like Emmylou Harris and Gillian Welch that is due out in September and will bring him back full circle to his first hit.

"God always knows best", he says "...sometimes we project what we can't see, but only God knows what's going to happen, and He knows the best. For all of us."



Blogger Dan Phillips said...

Congrats on the anniversary, you two!

12:56 AM  
Blogger Larry Grogan said...

Happy anniversary!
Married by Solomon Burke....dang!
I have a Burke side lined up for the next few weeks.

12:38 PM  
Blogger The Stepfather of Soul said...

Now your wedding story beats any story I've ever heard about a soul fan and their soul hero. I suppose that was surely a better way to do it than buying Solomon's "The Commitment" album! :)

10:28 AM  
Blogger Red Kelly said...

Hey Everybody!

Thanks for the kind words, one and all...

As you can tell, this really was one of the defining moments of my life (it sure beat the hell out of having to pick out bridesmaid's gowns and all of that stuff!), and we never could have planned it, it just turned out that way...

like the big man said -"Only God knows what's going to happen, and He knows best."

In other words, you can't make this kind of stuff up!

thanks again! -red

11:23 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Amazing post, if only all bloggers dropped this much knowlege. Happy anniversary!

1:57 AM  
Blogger Rob Whatman said...

A beautiful song, perfectly chosen for the occasion. Thanks for sharing this moment with everybody, and I hope your day was great.

5:45 PM  
Blogger John said...

Nuff respect; you're doing unbelievable work.

2:15 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Far out! Happy anniversary! :)

3:17 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

i come back to this song often, and once again this morning.

RIP Big Man!

10:29 AM  
Blogger Keeping Soul Alive said...

A great post as ever!

12:27 PM  
Blogger Lucas Hare said...

My favourite one of his is I Feel A Sin Coming On; was that one of the American recordings, do you know? In fact, if you have a list of the ones recorded at Chelsea and Thomas I'd love to hear it.

8:43 AM  
Blogger Red Kelly said...

Lucas - I am in the middle of wrangling with a corrupt video file of an interview Solomon granted me this Spring, and am finally attempting to salvage some of it...

In that interview he says that those American Group recordings "never happened - they were a Jerry Wexler fake... the vocals were recorded in New York." In 'The Memphis Boys' Roben Jones alludes to sessions being held with Solomon and The American Group at Sam Phillips, not at American, which Solomon s apparently saying didn't happen either. He says the first time he recorded in Memphis was with Willie Mitchell for 'Nothing's Impossible'.

In any event, the album that features those Memphis musicians (who apparently laid down the tracks for Arif Mardin and Tom Dowd to bring back to NY for Solomon to add the vocals on) is I Wish I Knew. It's great.

I can't believe we'll never hear that voice again...

8:58 AM  

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